draw(qnode, charset='unicode', wire_order=None, show_all_wires=False)[source]

Create a function that draws the given qnode.

  • qnode (QNode) – the input QNode that is to be drawn.

  • charset (str, optional) – The charset that should be used. Currently, “unicode” and “ascii” are supported.

  • wire_order (Sequence[Any]) – the order (from top to bottom) to print the wires of the circuit

  • show_all_wires (bool) – If True, all wires, including empty wires, are printed.


A function that has the same argument signature as qnode. When called, the function will draw the QNode.


Given the following definition of a QNode,

dev = qml.device('default.qubit', wires=2)

def circuit(a, w):
    qml.CRX(a, wires=[0, 1])
    qml.Rot(*w, wires=[1])
    qml.CRX(-a, wires=[0, 1])
    return qml.expval(qml.PauliZ(0) @ qml.PauliZ(1))

We can draw the it like such:

>>> drawer = qml.draw(circuit)
>>> print(drawer(a=2.3, w=[1.2, 3.2, 0.7]))
0: ──H──╭C────────────────────────────╭C─────────╭┤ ⟨Z ⊗ Z⟩
1: ─────╰RX(2.3)──Rot(1.2, 3.2, 0.7)──╰RX(-2.3)──╰┤ ⟨Z ⊗ Z⟩

Circuit drawing works with devices with custom wire labels:

dev = qml.device('default.qubit', wires=["a", -1, "q2"])

def circuit():
    qml.CNOT(wires=["a", "q2"])
    qml.RX(0.2, wires="a")
    return qml.expval(qml.PauliX(wires="q2"))

When printed, the wire order matches the order defined on the device:

>>> drawer = qml.draw(circuit)
>>> print(drawer())
  a: ─────╭C──RX(0.2)──┤
 -1: ──H──│────────────┤
 q2: ─────╰X───────────┤ ⟨X⟩

We can use the wire_order argument to change the wire order:

>>> drawer = qml.draw(circuit, wire_order=["q2", "a", -1])
>>> print(drawer())
 q2: ──╭X───────────┤ ⟨X⟩
  a: ──╰C──RX(0.2)──┤
 -1: ───H───────────┤